In a statement, the US Department of the Treasury said: 'As the head of the Chechen Republic, Kadyrov oversees an administration involved in disappearances and extra-judicial killings.
A bipartisan coalition of members of Congress, late last month, called on Trump to impose the sanctions on Reyes, as well as another Nicaraguan official, for a wide variety of "well-documented" human-rights abuses, corruption, and illicit activity in support of President Daniel Ortega's regime.
The department's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) said Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov was responsible for torture, extrajudicial killing and other violations of worldwide law.
Kadyrov took to Instagram to sarcastically respond: 'A sleepless night is waiting for me, ' reports Reuters.
"I can be proud that I'm out of favor with the special services of the United States of America", he continued.
'In fact, the US can not forgive me for dedicating my whole life to the fight against foreign terrorists.
Sanctions were also implemented on another Chechen official connected with Kadyrov, as well as three other Russians implicated in a lucrative fraud scheme, as part of the 2012 Magnitsky Act, meant to hold non-US citizens liable for human rights abuses.
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Sheshenya, Mayorova, and Pavlov were involved in the large-scale tax fraud scheme uncovered by Magnitsky, according to the Treasury Department. He died in prison almost a year later. The Kremlin denies the allegation.
The new additions bring the total number of those sanctioned by the law to 49.
Under the Global Magnitsky Act, Trump sanctioned Gulnara Karimova, the daughter of the former Uzbekistan leader Islam Karimova, as well as the son of Russia's prosecutor general, Artem Chayka.
When asked about the June 2016 meeting, Trump Jr. admitted that they discussed the adoptions issue.
Past year the Magnitsky Act was expanded to allow the United States to target human rights abusers anywhere, not just in Russian Federation.
US citizens and residents also are generally prohibited from engaging in transactions with the sanctioned individuals. The Trump administration is expected to use the law to target more individuals in the coming days.